Working Papers

Discrimination, Migration, and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from World War I (with Price Fishback), revise & resubmit at the Review of Economics and Statistics
[NBER working paper no. 26936 here. Cato policy brief here.]

World War II and Black Economic Progress, revise & resubmit at the Journal of Labor Economics
[Version May 2021. CAGE Warwick working paper no. 387 here.]

Fatherless: The Long-Term Effects of Losing a Father in the U.S. Civil War (with Yannick Dupraz)

Wars, Taxation and Representation: Evidence from Five Centuries of German History (with Sascha O. Becker, Eric Melander, and Luigi Pascali)
[CEPR working paper no. 15601 here.]

Churches as Social Insurance: Oil Risk and Religion in the U.S. South (with Patrick Testa)
[Version June 2021. CAGE Warwick working paper no. 513 here.]

Work in Progress

Migration and the Geography of Racism in the United States (with Samuel Bazzi, Martin Fiszbein, Thomas Pearson, and Patrick Testa)

The Confederate Foundations of the New Right in American Politics (with Samuel Bazzi, Martin Fiszbein, Thomas Pearson, and Patrick Testa)

O Captain! My Captain! Leadership and Team Cohesion in the Union Army (with Christian Dippel)


Causal mediation analysis in instrumental-variables regressions, 2020, Stata Journal, Vol. 20(3), pp. 613-626 (with Christian Dippel and Stephan Heblich)
[For data and code type “findit ivmediate” in Stata.]

Consequences of Forced Migration: A Survey of Recent Findings, 2019, Labour Economics, Vol. 59, pp. 1-16 (with Sascha O. Becker)
[Supplementary material available here.]

Voluntary Programs to Encourage Diffusion: The Case of the Combined Heat-and-Power Partnership, 2014, The Energy Journal, Vol. 35(1), pp. 161-173 (with Ian Lange)*

* Pre-Ph.D. publication